Each of us wants to be beautiful, have a slender figure. Many people keep fit through diet or exercising, but this does not always give the expected result.
Then aesthetic medicine comes to the rescue.
According to the statistics of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPS), liposuction in 2019 was the second most popular plastic surgery among American women.
Table of Contents
What is liposuction?
Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery, the main purpose of it is to get rid of fat deposits in problematic areas.
Many people believe that liposuction is a fast way to deal with excess weight, a variant of “quick weight loss”. This opinion is erroneous. Women’s problem areas are the hips, buttocks, lower abdomen, knees, back.
Men’s problematic areas are the chest and abdomen. Despite the sufficient amount of information about the essence of liposuction, many people confuse this surgery with abdominoplasty – a surgery to correct abdominal defects.
Abdominoplasty is performed only in the abdomen area. Liposuction is a much less traumatic procedure that is performed on different parts of the body and does not involve manipulating the skin.
Attempts to develop such a surgery technique that would make it possible to model the figure by removing adipose tissue have been making since the beginning of the 20th century. Different methods were used, but they were traumatic and often led to serious complications.
Only in the late 1970s, a method was developed that is still used today: adipose tissue, previously subjected to destruction, is removed through special tubes.
Indications for conducting liposuction
There are indications for liposuction:
- The presence of local fat deposits that can not be removed by other methods (exercises, diet, massage, etc.).
- Overweight, not exceeding 30% of the norm.
Liposuction is usually not performed for people over 50–55 years old. Their skin loses its elasticity and the ability to contract on its own.
Contraindications for conducting liposuction
Liposuction is not indicated in the following cases:
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases, as well as infectious diseases.
- Cardiovascular diseases in the acute stage.
- Blood clotting disorder.
- Impaired liver or kidney function.
Possible complications after the surgery
You have to know that some complications are possible after liposuction:
1.Anemia. If a large amount of adipose tissue is removed during liposuction, then part of the blood circulating in the body is excreted along with it. This can cause anemia.
2.Hematomas and seromas (accumulation of serous fluid in the tissues). It occurs when a large amount of fat is removed. To avoid these problems, you need to wear compression underwear.
3.Skin sagging. After liposuction, the effect of a “deflated ball” can be observed – the skin does not tone up and sags. To reduce this risk, it is necessary to wear compression underwear in the manner recommended by the doctor.
4.Irregularities, asymmetry of the body after liposuction. During the operation, the doctor tries to remove fat deposits evenly, but this is not always possible. Sometimes, patients, in turn, may violate the rules of the recovery period.
They do not follow the regimen of wearing compression underwear, start doing sports early, etc.
Preparation for surgery
Preparation for the operation begins with a visit to the doctor, who finds out what exactly the patient wants to do, from which zones to remove adipose tissue. He clarifies the patient’s body weight, skin condition, condition of problematic areas.
You need to undergo a number of studies (blood and urine tests, ECG), an ultrasound of the internal organs.When all the results are received, the doctor decides on the operation.
The procedure of operation
Liposuction is usually performed under general anesthesia.The duration of the operation is from 30 minutes to several hours: it all depends on the amount of fat that needs to be removed from the body.
After completing all the manipulations, the doctor applies small stitches – about 5 mm long. And directly in the operating room, while the patient is still on the table, the doctor puts on compression underwear.
Since the operation is performed most often under general anesthesia, the patient needs to spend at least a day in the hospital under the supervision of the operating surgeon.
At this time, painful sensations may occur, sometimes the temperature rises, which is the norm.
Now you know everything about liposuction =)